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A new material is being created, it will be the HARDEST of all above the diamond itself – Teach me about Science

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FUENTE: Mark Meamber/LLNL.

He diamante We all know it for its brilliance and durability, it has long been the symbol of what is indestructible, at least in a mineral appearance. But what makes the diamond is so hard? Basically, it is composed of carbon atoms that form a crystalline structure, and that is precisely what gives it its characteristic hardness. He place diamond formation process at the extreme depths beneath the Earth's surface, where carbon is subjected to high temperatures and pressures for billions of years.

Carbon, in its simplest form, is found in nature in many forms, from the graphite in a pencil to coal from barbecue or what you do meat asada. However the diamante is unique because of its molecular structure. Instead of the common form of carbon, which is flat and layered, in diamond, each carbon atom is bonded to four other atoms in a three dimensional layout called crystal lattice. This configuration makes the diamond incredibly resistant and difficult to scratch.

Now, what would happen if there was a material even harder than diamond? This is where BC8, a theoretical type of ultrahard carbon, comes into play.. The idea of BC8 is not new; Scientists have speculated about its existence for decades. They believe that BC8 is a carbon structure that preserves the tetrahedral shape of diamond atoms but it lacks certain planes that make the diamond susceptible to cleavage or splitting. This could mean that BC8 would be structurally stronger than diamond.

How is this made?

The manufacturing process of BC8, although complex, is getting closer to reality thanks to advances in materials science and quantum computing. A recent study carried out by scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the University of South Florida (USF) have used the Frontier supercomputer to simulate the creation of BC8. Using millions of molecular dynamics simulations, researchers have managed to discern the extreme conditions of pressure and temperature under which BC8 could form.

To understand To better understand how BC8 forms, it is essential to understand the extreme conditions under which it could exist. Scientists have discovered that BC8 can only form in pressure and temperature bandslike the diamond, but unlike the latter, previous attempts to identify the BC8 in experiments laboratory were not successful.

The Forntier supercomputer. SOURCE: ICT Journal

On the other hand, it is believed that the BC8 could found on exoplanets rich in carbon, which could help scientists better understand the composition and internal structure of these distant planets. Furthermore, the superior properties of BC8 compared to diamond they could have practical applications in manufacturing of tools and materials even more resistant.

Let's think about the many different materials What could be done, according to its characteristics physics, theoretically and thanks to your extreme hardness y endurance suggest potential applications in tool making longer lasting cutting and drilling, high-strength composite materials for industries such as aerospace and automotive, and Advanced electronic components requiring excellent heat dissipation.

Furthermore, its high hardness makes it ideal for shielding materials in military and security applications, while its biocompatibility positions it as a promising candidate for medical implants and orthopedic prosthetics

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