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Kidney Failure and Oxalate Stone Problems in Dogs


Kidney failure and oxalate stone problems, which can also be encountered in pets, are serious diseases that can endanger your friend’s life. These diseases, which greatly reduce the quality of life, can occur for many different reasons, from nutrition to genetics.

Dogs with kidney failure and oxalate stone problems should be treated with appropriate methods under veterinary supervision. Likewise, it is very important to feed the right food against kidney and stone formation.

What is Kidney Failure in Dogs?

Kidney failure in dogs is a serious health problem that can affect your pet’s kidneys and associated organs.

In a healthy dog, kidneys have many different functions, such as regulating the body’s water intake, maintaining electrolyte balance, secreting hormones necessary for red blood cells, and helping to remove toxins. Since these functions will not work properly in dogs with kidney failure, it invites many diseases.


There are two types of kidney failure in dogs;

  • acute kidney failure: Acute kidney failure is a dangerous disease that occurs due to toxins or infections and causes the kidneys to lose their function, sometimes within a few hours.
  • Chronic renal failure: In this type of kidney failure, kidney functions gradually lose their function over a longer period of time. It is possible to extend your dog’s life by limiting loss of function under veterinary supervision.

Dogs diagnosed with kidney failure can regain their health with appropriate treatment and diet under veterinary supervision. In this disease, which can occur in dogs of all ages, it is very important that your friend eats right and receives balanced and sufficient minerals.

What are the Causes of Kidney Failure in Dogs?

Kidney failure in dogs occurs especially in animals that do not receive enough nutrients and have an unbalanced diet.

The most common causes of kidney failure in dogs are as follows:

  • Age-related kidney failure: Cells in the kidneys lose their function and die as your dog ages. One of the most important causes of kidney failure in dogs is considered to be old age.
  • Congenital diseases: Kidney diseases caused by your dog’s genetic disorders can result in kidney failure and bankruptcy. Since it is a hereditary problem, your dog should be kept under control from the time he is a puppy.
  • Bacterial infections: Bacterial infections that cause kidney inflammation and destruction of kidney cells can occur due to reasons such as your dog being in unhygienic environments or consuming dirty food or drinking muddy water.
  • ToxicosisSituations such as your dog consuming chocolate and similar harmful foods or taking an inappropriate medication can cause poisoning leading to kidney failure.

How should dogs with kidney and oxalate stones be fed?

As with all living things, nutrition is at the root of many health problems in dogs. It is considered normal for dogs that do not receive sufficient amounts of the right minerals and nutrients to experience problems such as kidney and oxalate stones.

Specially formulated special foods should be used for feeding dogs suffering from kidney and oxalate stones. With PRO-VET renal veterinary food, you can make sure that your friend is always well-fed and help him maintain his health.

PRO-VET RENAL/OXALATE, which reduces the risk of oxalate stones with its low calcium, magnesium, phosphorus content and balanced pH ratio, is ready to protect your dog’s health with the assurance of Profpetmama!

What are the symptoms of kidney failure in dogs?

Chronic renal failure in dogs manifests itself with symptoms at different stages over a long period of time. Although these symptoms vary from dog to dog and depending on the stage of the disease, the most common symptoms are as follows;

  • Consuming too much water and frequent urination
  • Depression
  • Weakness
  • bladder enlargement
  • blood in urine
  • Numbness
  • Pale gums and white gums
  • Ulcer formation in the mouth
  • weight loss
  • incoordination
  • decreased appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Breath with a chemical-like odor
  • intestinal problems

If such symptoms are suspected, it is recommended to consult a veterinarian and start the necessary treatments immediately.

What is the Oxalate Stone Problem in Dogs?

Oxalate stones, also known as kidney stones, occur when your dog’s kidneys do not work properly. Similar to kidney stones in humans, this disease, which occurs with stones and sand formation growing in the kidneys, can be life-threatening for dogs.

Unlike kidney stones, oxalate stones can also form in the bladder. This condition, which is more common than kidney stone formation in dogs, can occur as a single large stone, multiple small stones or sand.

Causes of Oxalate Stone Formation in Dogs

Although the cause of the formation of oxalate stones is not exactly known, the common opinion of veterinarians is that it is caused by body acidity and metabolic changes.

According to current research, feeding the dog food containing high acidity and ingesting poor quality protein may cause oxalate stones. Likewise, if not enough water is consumed, stone formation occurs.

Oxalate stones are a common health problem that can occur in dogs of all ages. If left untreated, it will significantly reduce your dog’s quality of life and may increase its susceptibility to kidney problems.

Oxalate stones can be prevented, especially by ensuring your pet is fed correctly and consumes quality food. Stone formation is less common in dogs that have been fed a correct diet since puppyhood.

Treatment of oxalate stones in dogs can usually be performed without the need for surgical intervention, depending on the condition of the dog. However, if the stones are large or block the urinary tract, surgery may be needed. Quick veterinary check-up of dogs showing symptoms will help diagnose the disease at an early stage, thus making it easier to treat.

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